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Halliburton Loophole

"Father of Fracking"
George Mitchell
concerns over environmental
impacts of fracking

History of Fracking
Only a new technology

USA Fracking Stories

A Texan tragedy

Gas injection may have triggered earthquakes in Texas

California Lags in Fracking Regulations

All In for California Water

Fracking in Michigan

Fracking in Michigan Potential Impact on Health, Environment, Economy

Hydraulic fracturing of Marcellus Shale

Methane Gas from Marcellus Shale Drilling

Marcellus Shale Gas Economics

Health impacts of Marcellus shale gas drilling

Pennsylvania Fracking

Fracking in Virginia

Lesson From Wyoming Fracking

Water Pollution from Fracking

Hydraulic Fracturing Poses Substantial Water Pollution Risks

Methane in drinking water wells

Abandoned gas wells leak

Natural Gas Leaks Discovered in Boston

Methane Leaks Under Streets of Boston

Methane leaks make fracking dirty

Fracking effects real estate values

Fracking stimulates earthquakes

Protecting Gas Pipelines From Earthquakes

Gas Pipeline Earthquake - Simulations

America's crumbling pipelines

Averting Pipeline Failures

Dangers to Underground Pipelines

Gas Pipelines Could Serve as Wireless Links

Government Action needed on a National Energy Policy

EPA Releases Update on Ongoing Hydraulic Fracturing Study

Solar Booster Shot for Natural Gas Power Plants

Natural Gas Pricing Reform to Facilitate Carbon Tax Policy

Investing in fracking

What Oil Prices Have in Store?

Methane Out, Carbon Dioxide In

Health impacts of Marcellus shale gas drilling

Professor Ingraffea

Anti-Fracking Billboard

Natural Gas Drilling

Threats to Biodiversity

Pronghorn Migration
hindered by gas development

Microbes in a Fracking Site

Protozoa May Hold Key to World Water Safety

Shale Gas Production

Research into the Fracking Controversy

Convert Methane Into Useful Chemicals

Methane Natural Gas Into Diesel

'Natural Gas' at the molecular level

Arctic Methane risks

Arctic Methane Seeps

Great Gas Hydrate Escape

Undersea Methane Seep Ecosystem

Methane in the Atmosphere of Early Earth

Methane Natural Gas Linked to Climate Change

Cutting Methane Pollutants Would Slow Sea Level Rise

California | Colorado | Dakota | Marcellus | Massachusetts | Michigan | New York |
Ohio | Pennsylvania | Texas | Utah | Virginia | Wyoming

Shale Gas

More fracking waste water issues here

Academic Articles on Shale & Coal Seam Gas

National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

November 25, 2013 - Government estimates for total US methane emissions may be biased by 50%, and estimates of individual source sectors are even more uncertain. We find greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and fossil fuel extraction and processing (i.e., oil and/or natural gas) are likely a factor of two or greater than cited in existing studies.

August 19, 2013 This work reports direct measurements of methane emissions at 190 onshore natural gas sites in the United States. These measurements will help inform policymakers, researchers, and industry, providing information about some of the sources of methane emissions from the production of natural gas, and will better inform and advance national and international scientific and policy discussions with respect to natural gas development and use.

Greater focus needed on methane leakage from natural gas infrastructure
February 13, 2012 There is a need for the natural gas industry and science community to help obtain better emissions data and for increased efforts to reduce methane leakage in order to minimize the climate footprint of natural gas.

Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction
June 3, 2013 We analyzed 141 drinking water wells across the Appalachian Plateaus physiographic province of northeastern Pennsylvania, examining natural gas concentrations and isotopic signatures with proximity to shale gas wells.
Methane was detected in 82% of drinking water samples, with average concentrations six times higher for homes <1 km from natural gas wells (P = 0.0006).

At what rate will the new hydrofractured horizontal wells in shales continue to produce gas?
October 2, 2013 We analyze the simplest model of gas production consistent with basic physics of the extraction process.
Its exact solution produces a nearly universal scaling law for gas wells in each shale play, where
production first declines as 1 over the square root of time and then exponentially.

Shale gas development impacts on surface water quality in Pennsylvania
January 8, 2013 Concern has been raised in the scientific literature about the environmental implications of extracting natural gas from deep shale formations, and published studies suggest that shale gas development may affect local groundwater quality.

Methane contamination of drinking water accompanying gas-well drilling and hydraulic fracturing
April 14, 2011 In aquifers overlying the Marcellus and Utica shale formations of northeastern Pennsylvania and upstate New York, we document systematic evidence for methane contamination of drinking water associated with shale-gas extraction. We conclude that greater stewardship, data, and—possibly—regulation are needed to ensure the sustainable future of shale-gas extraction and to improve public confidence in its use.

Potential well water contaminants highest near natural gas drilling, UT Arlington
A new study of 100 private water wells in and near the Barnett Shale showed elevated levels of potential contaminants such as arsenic and selenium closest to natural gas extraction sites, according to a team of researchers at UT Arlington.

Groundwater Contamination May End the Gas-Fracking Boom
12 September 2013 - Scientific American - In Pennsylvania, the closer you live to a well used to hydraulically fracture underground shale for natural gas, the more likely it is that your drinking water is contaminated with methane.
This conclusion, in a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA in July, is a first step in determining whether fracking in the Marcellus Shale underlying much of Pennsylvania is responsible for tainted drinking water in that region.

Renewables to surpass gas by 2016 in the global power mix
26 June 2013 - Power generation from hydro, wind, solar and other renewable sources worldwide will exceed that from gas and be twice that from nuclear by 2016, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said in its second annual Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report (MTRMR).

IEA sees growth of natural gas in power generation slowing over next 5 years
20 June 2013 - Natural gas will continue to increase its share of the global energy mix, growing at 2.4% per year between now and 2018, the IEA said in its Medium-Term Gas Market Report (MTGMR) issued today.
However, this projected growth rate is lower than the IEA's forecast last year of 2.7%, due to persistent demand weakness in Europe as well as difficulties in upstream production growth in the Middle East and Africa.

IEA sets out the “Golden Rules” needed to usher in a Golden Age of Gas
29 May 2012 - Exploiting the world’s vast resources of unconventional natural gas holds the key to a golden age of gas, but for that to happen governments, industry and other stakeholders must work together to address legitimate public concerns about the associated environmental and social impacts.
But if the social and environmental impacts are not addressed properly, there is a very real possibility that public opposition to drilling for shale gas and other types of unconventional gas will halt the unconventional gas revolution in its tracks.

IEA report sees bright future for natural gas over next 5 years
5 June 2012 - Natural gas is well on its way to a bright future, according to a new report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) that projects China will more than double consumption over the next five years while lower prices from the unconventional gas revolution will continue to benefit the United States.
Global gas trade will expand by 35%, driven by LNG and pipeline gas exports from the FSU region; most of this expansion occurs from 2015 onwards, following a period of further tightening of global gas markets.

IEA report sees scope for transformation of Asia-Pacific natural-gas market
6 February 2013 - Asia is expected to become the world’s second-largest gas market by 2015. And yet this market is dominated by long-term contracts in which the price of gas is linked, or indexed, to that of oil.
In recent years, this has helped keep Asian gas prices much higher than those in other parts of the world, leading to serious questions about the sustainability of the system and its effects on Asian competitiveness.

Will natural gas exports raise prices for consumers?
Oil and gas companies already envision construction of about 17 new LNG shipping terminals, which could export LNG equivalent to fully one-third of current domestic consumption. The article discusses conflicting views on how exports on such a massive scale might affect prices paid by consumers, including the chemical industry, which uses natural gas as a mainstay raw material.

The Powder River Basin
The information available indicates that currently hydraulic fracturing is not widely used in this region due to concerns about the potential for increased groundwater flow into the coalbed methane production wells and the consequent collapse of open hole wells in coal upon dewatering.

Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality
While no one can guarantee that an accident or equipment failure will not occur, the Niobrara Shale play is an extremely high profile development and both the industry and regulatory agencies are watching the development carefully to insure environmental protection requirements are being met.

 It should be noted that fracking has been a common practice in the oil & gas industry for many decades. It is fracking of shale formations which is a relatively new development.




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